How to get through the "last mile" of scientific and technological achievements? DPP Shanghai Municipal Committee puts forward suggestions
Surging news reporter Luan Xiaona
2020-01-09 17:09 Source: Surging News
During the forthcoming "Shanghai Two Sessions" in 2020, the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee of the Democratic Progressive Committee proposes to submit a proposal addressing the above-mentioned issues, and puts forward four specific suggestions, such as resolving the issue of ownership of scientific and technological achievements of colleges and universities in technology transfer, Vigorously build the "axis chain" in technology transfer-a team of technology managers, develop business models for cultivating and incubating scientific and technological achievements in technology transfer.
The proposal pointed out that the number of Chinese invention patents has been the world's first for eight consecutive years, but the conversion rate of scientific and technological achievements is less than 30%, which is less than half that of developed countries. The transformation of scientific and technological achievements can realize its value attribute only. The transformation of scientific and technological achievements and technological entrepreneurship are socially beneficial.
"We need to establish the special attributes of scientific and technological achievements, open up the 'last mile' of scientific and technological achievements, and generate unlimited new supply and new kinetic energy for the source of innovation in Shanghai." The proposal states that it is recommended to address the ownership of scientific and technological achievements and technology in technology transfer. Four major issues are the "axis chain" in the transfer-the team of technical managers, the development of business models for the cultivation of scientific and technological achievements in the transfer of technology, and the creation of the "technology transfer Alibaba" information and service platform.
To this end, the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee of the Democratic Progressive Party has put forward four specific suggestions in the proposal based on a full investigation:
First, the issue of ownership of scientific and technological achievements in institutions of higher learning must be resolved as soon as possible.
Ownership of scientific and technological achievements is the primary issue in technology transfer. It is recommended that Shanghai introduce a policy as soon as possible to allow all or part of the ownership of scientific and technological achievements to be granted to those who complete the scientific and technological achievements, stimulate the vitality of the scientific and technological industry, and further liberate scientific and technological productivity. At the same time, it is suggested that the Shanghai tax authorities actively seek tax incentives from the state to encourage the cultivation of science and technology enterprises with tax leverage.
Second, we must vigorously build the "axis chain" -technical manager team in technology transfer.
The success of technology transfer is inseparable from a large number of technical managers who specialize in technology services. The technical manager is a senior compound talent. At present, China's technology transfer and technical managers' education and discipline construction are basically blank, and there is a shortage of specialized technical managers.
To this end, it is recommended to rely on colleges and universities to set up a number of technical manager training and training bases to be included in the professional training system of Shanghai universities; to quickly introduce relevant policies for the construction of Shanghai technical manager teams and build a group of professional technical manager teams. At the same time, scientific research personnel at all levels are encouraged to engage in technology transfer related brokerage and intermediary work in the form of "part-time" to develop and expand the technology market talent team.
Third, we must develop business models for cultivating and incubating scientific and technological achievements in technology transfer.
Scientific and technological achievements from A to C often lack the effective connection of B, which is the "last mile". For a scientific and technological achievement to finally form a product and produce benefits, it is usually necessary to cultivate, incubate, and industrialize laboratory results, such as proof-of-concept, intermediate tests, etc. The cultivation and incubation of scientific and technological achievements in Shanghai technology transfer are often "Required" status, lacking an effective business model. According to the successful experience of Silicon Valley in the United States, these are mainly completed by angel funds, seed funds, and venture capital.
Shanghai urgently needs to introduce fiscal and taxation policies, actively guide venture capital investment in early project results, cultivate a large number of private scientific and technological achievements incubation and pilot plants, form an effective business model, build a bridge between technology and entrepreneurship, and promote market mechanisms. Effective combination of technology and finance.
Fourth, help build a "technology transfer Alibaba" information and service platform.
At present, in the domestic technology transfer market, business models based on new technologies and new methods of technology transfer and services based on modern information means such as big data and mobile terminals have not yet been formed, resulting in "blindness" in technology supply and demand.
Therefore, it is recommended to help build a "technology transfer Alibaba" information and service platform, form a four-in-one market composed of technology owners, technology demanders, technology service providers, and capital owners, and provide intellectual property and legal advice to technology transfer parties. , Technology evaluation, pilot test incubation, investment and financing, technology trading, and other comprehensive technology value-added services, forming a trillion-scale technology transfer industry for the country and even the world, promoting Shanghai to become an important node of the international technology transfer network with global influence.